Birthstones

The following chart shows traditional, modern and mystical birthstones.  Below the chart is the traditional poem for the birthstones. 

Often combined with modern birthstone lists, traditional birthstones are older society-based birthstones. Since many different cultures had their own list, jewelers' lists are often inconsistent over what constitutes a traditional birthstone. The table below contains many stones which are popular choices, often reflecting Polish tradition.

Month

Traditional Birthstones

Modern Birthstones

Mystical Birthstone

January

Garnet

Garnet

Emerald

February

Amethyst

Amethyst

Bloodstone

March

Bloodstone, Jasper

Aquamarine

Jade

April

Diamond, Sapphire

Diamond

Opal

May

Emerald, Agate

Emerald

Sapphire

June

Alexandrite, Emerald

Moonstone, Pearl

Moonstone

July

Ruby, Onyx

Ruby

Ruby

August

Sardonyx, Carnelian

Peridot

Diamond

September

Sapphire, Peridot

Sapphire

Agate

October

Tourmaline, Aquamarine

Opal, Tourmaline

Jasper

November

Citrine, Topaz

Topaz, Citrine

Pearl

December

Zircon, Ruby

Turquoise, Blue Topaz

Onyx

The Gregorian calendar has poems matching each month with its birthstone. These are traditionally the stones in English-speaking societies. It is not known whether these verses below are of the originally Gregorian calendar or not. In fact Tiffany & Co. published these poems "of unknown author" for the first time in a pamphlet in 1870.

By her who in January was born
No gem save garnets shall be worn
They will ensure her constancy
True friendship and fidelity.

The February born shall find
Sincerity and peace of mind,
Freedom from passion and from care,
If they, the amethyst will wear.

By her who in March was born
No gem save bloodstone shall be worn
They will ensure her constancy
True friendship and fidelity.

She who from April dates her years,
diamonds shall wear,
lest bitter tears
For vain repentance flow.

Who first beholds the light of day
In spring's sweet, flower month of May
And wears an emerald all her life
Shall be a loved and a loving wife.

By her who in June was born
No gem save pearls shall be worn
They will ensure her constancy
True friendship and fidelity.

The gleaming ruby should adorn,
All those who in July are born,
For thus they'll be exempt and free,
From lover's doubts and anxiety.

Wear a peridot or for thee,
No conjugal fidelity,
The August born without this stone,
`Tis said, must live unloved; alone.

A maiden born when autumn leaves
Are rustling in September's breeze,
A sapphire on her brow should bind;
To bring her joy and peace of mind.

October's child is born for woe,
And life's vicissitudes must know,
But lay an opal on her breast,
And hope will lull those woes to rest.

Who first comes to this world below
In dreary November's fog and snow,
Should prize the topaz amber hue,
Emblem of friends and lovers true.

If cold December gave you birth
The month of snow and ice and mirth
Place on your hand a turquoise blue;
Success will bless whate'er you do.

—Gregorian Birthstone Poems